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The Capitoline Museums in Rome

 

If you want to reserve tickets to visit the Capitoline Museums CLICK HERE; to book a guide tour in English please contact our reservation office writing to info@ticketsrome.com or call the number +39 055 2670402.

The Capitoline Museums first began when Pope Sixtus IV donated to the public, his personal, small collection of bronze statues in 1471. Numerous acquisitions of artifacts from excavacations and donations followed the Pope’s donations. Among the bronze statues, Pope Sixtus donated were the renowened She-Wolf, the Spinarius and the Camillus with the head of Constatine. These statues were originally in the house of Lateran but their return to the citizens made Musei Capitolini ever more popular among citizens.

Capitoline-museums-romeThe museum’s collection was enlarged in the second hald of the XVI century when sculptures were sent to the museum from Pope Pius V, who was on a mission to remove  images, and artifacts that were considered pagan from the Vatican. In 1734, after a significant donation of statues and portraits by Cardinal Clement XII, The Capitoline Museum was inaugurated.

Over the decades,  the Capitolini Museum was expanded with the help of donations, political and papal influences. Towards the middle of XVIII century, for example, the museum added the Capitolini Picture Gallery, founded by Pope Benedict XIV, with the Sacchetti and Pio collections. At the end of XIX century, the museum’s collection increased as Italy designated Rome its capital. With increasing number of donations and contributions, the Capitolini museum was able to establish the Capitolini Coiun and Medal Collection.

The expansion of the collection continued through 1997. With the creation of a new wing, Braccio Nuovo, in 1952, the Junction Gallery opening in 1957 and renocvations in 1997, the Capitolini Musuem is an ever changing monument to the importance of art to the Rome and Italy’s unique, history.

The museum itinerary has been enriched by the addition of new sections: the Capitoline Coin Cabinet in Palazzo Clementino and the Galleria Lapidaria in the Galleria di Congiunzione. Further renovation work concerns the transformation of the Giardino Romano (Roman Garden) into a large glass covered hall and the reorganisation of the Castellani Collection, the halls of the Roman Horti and the section dedicated to the Temple of Capitoline Jupiter.

One of the most famous sculptures housed in the Musei Capitolini is the Capitoline Wolf. The statue thought be Etruscan and recently dated back to the 5th century, shows a wolf, standing attentively and with a guarding expression as twin babies suckling from her.  Recent researches indicate that the twins, may have been added in late 15th century AD , making this sculpture, a Roman icon. The statue depicts the She-Wolf from the legend of Romulus and Remus and many believe the twins represent Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome. This particular sculpture is believed to be the exact artifact described by Cicero who mentions a statue of the she-wolf as one oa number of sacred objects on the Capitoline that had been struck by lightening in the 65 BC.

Musei-Capitolini-romaThis statue was used as a propaganda icon by Mousellini in his campaign to be the leader of the new Rome. His campaign resulted in many copies of the statue being sent to other countries around the world. The statue represents not only Rome, but the ancient roots of Italy itself. This statue is one of the most crowd attracting artifact in the Musei Capitolini and it cannot be missed. 



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