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The Roman National Museum

 
Book your ticket to visit the Nation Roma Museum in Rome, please CLICK HERE

The National Museum of Rome is a series  of museums that house some of the oldest and most spectacular masterpieces in forms of sculptures, paintings and other artifacts. The National Museum of Rome was founded in 1889 and inaugurated in 1890. First collection was transfered from the archealogical collections of the Museum Kircherio. Today, the National Museum includes four different, smaller musuems, Crypta Balbi, Palazzo Attemps, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme and Baths of Diocletian. 

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Crypta Balbi
, located near the city center of Rome, was founded in 1981. Crypta Balbi is composed of a basement ground floor and first floor all of which have unique archealogical pieces. The Balbi Crypt originally consisted of a theatre, a four-floor block and a patio. Built between 19 and 13 BC under the orders of Lucius Cornelius Balbus, the theatre had a crypt where people refreshed themselves and drank during breaks from the performances.
Over time, the theatre was forgotten and buried by other buildings over the course of different time periods. Excavation began in 1981, and twenty years after restoration, they were added to the National Museum of Rome. The upper floor has exhibits of objects made between Antiquity and the Middle Ages, showing the lifestyle of Roman citizens between the fifth and tenth centuries. The lower floor is the site of the excavations in the context of the area’s history. There are displays of the remains of the excavations in the Balbi Crypt and other Roman sites.

Palazzo Altemps, a sixteenth-century palace situated in Campo Marzio, an area just north of Piazza Navona, is home to a branch of the Museo Nazionale Romano (National Roman Museum). Since 1997 the museum has been displaying an exquisite collection of ancient Roman statues here, without a doubt one of the best in Rome. The building itself, with a beautiful loggia and painted walls, is a sight in itself.
One of the first important works you'll see on the ground floor is a statue of emperor Antonius Pius.   The statue of goddess Athena and a statue of Dionysys with satyr and panther can also be seen. There's also a unique statue of a Dacian, in yellow marble. It is the most famous of the statues that once adorned the Villa of Ciriaco Mattei.

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The first floor, is where the nobility lived. The rooms give a good impression of 16th century palace. There are still remains visible of beautiful wall frescoes and the ceilings are painted or even gilded.
There are numerous noteworthy statues here. One of the most famous is the Ludovisi-throne, which shows the birth of Venus. It was probably made in the fifth century BC in Greece. An other must-see is the Ludovisi Ares, a marble statue of the god of war Mars.

Palazzo Massimo has one of the best archaeological collections in the world. Also known as the Palazzo Massimo alle Terme due to its proximity to the Baths of Diocletian, the museum building is a great Renaissance palace built between 1883 and 1887.
The upper floor, the museum’s most interesting, houses the best-preserved Roman frescoes in the world. The frescoes were removed from the walls of the Casa di Livia and the Villa Farnesina and, after their restoration, they reproduce the original rooms in which they were found. The same floor is home to an impressive collection of mosaics made between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD.

Built in 305 AD under the order of Emperor Diocletian, the Baths of Diocletian, with a capacity of over 3,000 people were the largest bath complex in Ancient Rome16th century cloister built by Michelangelo. Construction of the baths began in 298 and finished in 305. The complex occupied a 13-hectare plot of land and included a gymnasium, library, and cold, hot and tepid baths.

Due to the deaths of thousands of Christians that worked on the construction of the baths as slaves, Diocletian was tried and forced to abdicate. The complex remained in service until 547, when it was closed due to the fact that the Barbarian peoples cut off the water supply to the city. In 1561, Pope Pius IV ordered Michelangelo to build the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli in an area of the baths to honour the Christians who died there.
After 30 years of restoration, the 10th Hall of the Baths of Diocletian opened to the public in 2008 and became part of the National Museum of Rome. Today, one of the few remaining parts of the remarkable structure can be visited; it demonstrates the considerable height that the building used to have.
In the uncovered part of the baths, it’s possible to walk through a cloister garden where nearly 400 works of art, including statues, sarcophagi and reliefs, are on display.



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