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The Raphael's Rooms in the Vatican Museums

If you want to book an English guided tour to visit the Vatican Museums and the Raphael's Rooms please CLICK HERE or contact our reservation office info@ticketsrome.com 



Raphael’s rooms (Stanze di Raffaello) is four rooms in the Vatican Palace that is also a masterpiece of theVatican Museums. The four rooms were painted by the famous Renaissance artist, Raphael and his pupils. Along with Michelangelo’s frescoes in the sistine Chapel, they are the grand frescoes of the High Renaissance. The rooms  were originally painted as a suite of apartments for Pope Julius II. Raphael was commissioned by the Pope to transform and improve the decor of the rooms in 1508.

raphaelroomsEach room was painted with unique themes and the sequence of the rooms starts with the Room of Constantine. The walls and frescoes of this room depicts four episodes in the life of emperor Constantine who became the first ruler to recognize Christianity as his faith. The episodes include the Vision of the Cross, the Battle of Constantine against Maxentius and Baptism of Constantine and the Donation of Rome.  The ceiling of the room is painted with the theme of the Triumph of Christian religion over pagan idols and practices.

The second room is  named the Room of Heliodorus. This room was painted with political themes and themes of documenting moments in history when the Church was protected miraclously by God. The Mass of Blsena shows the christian faith being threaned and being saved by God. Liberation of St Peter shows the prince of apostles and first Pope being saved from prison by an angel. Encounter of Leo the Great with Attila  shows an apparition of Saint Peter and Saint Paul armed with swords during the meeting between Pope Leo and Attila. Explusion of Heliodorus from the Temple shows God, sending a horseman along with two youths to banish Heliodorus, who was attempting to steal a treasure preserved in the temple of Jerusalem.

The third room is The Room of the Segnatura houses Raphael’s most famous frescoes. Raphael’s works in this room signifies the beginning of the high Renaissance. The themes in this room is focused on conveying the concepts of truth, good and beauty. The first theme, Disputation of the Most Holy Sacrament corresponds to theology and its victory over any arguments agains it. The second theme, School of Athens portrays famous philosophers  and the concept of rational truth is expressed through the movements of the philosophers through out this painting.  Cardinal and Theological Virtues and the Law, the third theme, illustrates virtues of faith, hope and charity. Parnassus, the last theme, is about showing beauty by depicting Apollo and the Muses. 

raphaels-room
The last room, called the Room of the Fire in the Borgo show political journeys of Pope Leo III and Pope Leo IV. The actual intention of the theme chosen for this room was to show ambitions of Pope Leo X.  The first theme of this room is called Crowning of Charlemagne which shows Charlemagne being crowned as the emperor of Rome. The second theme is Justification of Leo III, which shows the Pope Leo III claiming the the “vica of Christ is responsible to God alone for his actions”. Fire in the Borgo, is the third theme, and it retells the story of a fire that broke out in the neighborhood in fron t of St Peter’s basilica, but it was extinguished by Pope Leo IV. The last theme of this room is called Battle of Ostia which shows the victory of Pope Leo IV  and his armies in 846 against the Saracens.



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